What is CBT (Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy)? Anxiety Treatment Review
CBT or Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is a term which embraces a wide range of therapeutic and research approaches to helping people deal with and solve emotional, sales shop behavioural and cognitive (thinking) issues and problems. CBT is not really a method as such but rather a broad collection of research, physician techniques and ways of thinking about emotional, behavioural and thinking problems people get such as anxiety, phobias, OCD (obsessive compulsive behaviour), some forms of paranoia, depression, borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a whole range of other similar psychological issues.
The basic premise CBT works on is that there are strong connections between
- The emotions we experience,
- How we behave,
- How / what we think, and
- The word we use (language)
CBT works on the principle that you can change any one of the above four elements and the other 3 will have to change. Many CBT methods operate on changing how we behave, think and talk to bring about changes in our emotional state.
CBT is based on a combination of research and therapeutic practice from both the behavioural and cognitive science disciplines.
The list of therapies that comes under the banner of cognitive-behavioural therapy is quite long and includes :
- Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
- Anxiety Management Training
- Applied Behavioral Analysis
- Behavioral Activation
- Behavior Modification - the term originally used by Edward Thorndike in 1911.
- Behavior therapy
- Cognitive Therapy
- Computerised Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Cognitive Analytic Therapy
- Cognitive-Behavior Modification
- Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy
- Contingency Management
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy
- Direct Therapeutic Exposure
- Exposure and Response Prevention
- Functional Analytic Psychotherapy
- Interactive Cognitive Subsystems
- Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy
- Multimodal Therapy
- Narrative Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
- Problem-Solving Therapy
- Rational Emotive Therapy
- Prolonged Exposure Therapy
- Rational Behavior Therapy
- Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy - formerly called Rational Therapy and Rational Emotive Therapy
- Rational Living Therapy,
- Rational Therapy
- Reality Therapy
- Relapse Prevention
- Self Control Training
- Self Instructional Training
- Self-talk Identification, Questioning & Revision (SIQR)
- Stress Inoculation Training
- Systematic desensitization
- Systematic Rational Restructuring
There is a lot of research evidence which supports the use many of the techniques which come under the umbrella of CBT and particularly in the areas of emotion regulation, emotional resilience, many types of depression and anxiety related issues and has become a standard series of interventions with health organisations like the NHS.
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